References transport

/References transport
References transport 2016-11-10T10:37:19+00:00

Danish National Traffic Model

Rapidis assists DTU Transport with technical aspects of the Danish National Traffic Model. The work involves software development, development of data-models and overall technical architecture of the GIS-based national traffic model.


Rapidis is part of a consortium developing the next version of the common EU traffic model, Trans-Tools. Rapidis is responsible for all technical aspects of the Trans-Tools 3 model – design, architecture, software development and integration. The project will is planned to last 3 years.

TRANS-TOOLS Documentation

Working for the Joint Research Centre in Sevilla, Rapidis is currently producing updated documentation for the Trans-Tools model.

TenConnect 2

With a number of partners, Rapidis has participated in the TenConnect2 project, focusing on the analysis of a number of trans-european infrastructure corridors. As part of the project Trans-Tools version 2.5 was produced, containing major improvements.

Effects of Proposed Railway liberalization in the EU

As part of a larger consortium Rapidis has carried out a series of traffic forecast calculations using the European Trans-Tools model. The focus of the analysis was to examine the impact of different scenarios for liberalization in the railway sector in Europe. The project was carried out for the European commissions DG TREN department.

IBU Korridoren Femern Øresund

Evaluation of High Speed rail alternatives linking Scandinavia with Northern Germany

Rapidis has conducted a study for IBU Korridoren Femern Øresund with the purpose of evaluating high speed rail links. Rapidis used the TRANS-TOOLS model version 2, which was developed in TEN Connect. The model was improved considerably in the study area. The main improvements consisted of improving model rail networks, model road networks and model ferry links, of creating a more detailed zones system, of collecting more traffic counts and of recalibrating the model with the improved traffic count information.

Consultants Otto Anker Nielsen and Christian Overgård Hansen participated in the project.

European Union, TEN Connect project

Evaluation of TEN policy proposals using the TRANS-TOOLS transportation model

The European Commission initiated a study of the future development of the European transport infrastructure. The study focused on the effects of the TEN (Trans-European transport-Networks) policy, and was carried out using the transport model TRANS-TOOLS (which covers all of Europe), developed in a prior project. The transport model is based on ArcGIS from ESRI and the ArcGIS extension Traffic Analyst from Rapidis.

The European Commission published a report in 2010 on the progress of the 30 priority transport axes of the TEN policy. The TEN Connect project provided the analytical basis for this report and contributed to the analysis of economic, environmental and social impacts of a number of alternative policy options related to the development of the TEN policy.

The TEN Connect project was carried out by a consortium of companies and universities, headed up by the Danish engineering company TetraPlan. Rapidis was responsible for all software design and implementation.

The TEN Connect consortium:

TetraPlan (Denmark)

DTU Transport (Denmark)

Rapidis (Denmark)

BMT Transport Solutions (Germany)

Institute for Regional Economy at the Christian Albrechts University in Kiel (Germany)

Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds (UK)

Institute for System Integrating Studies (Italy)

MCRIT (Spain)

SYSTEMA (Greece)

Ramböll (Finland)

Informi GIS (Denmark)

University of Belgrade (Serbia)

Technical University of Vilnius (Lithuania)

Sudop (Czech Republic)

University of Szczecin (Poland)

The project has concluded.

European Union, TRANS-TOOLS project

A Traffic Forecasting Model for the EU Commission

Rapidis assisted DTU Transport – Technical University of Denmark in the Trans-Tools project. The purpose of the project was to implement a transportation model covering the entire EU, and modelling passenger and freight traffic across all modes.

Rapidis handled the development of a modeling framework, based on ArcGIS’ Geoprocessing technology, handling data flows and integrating a number of calculation tools. Additionally all traffic assignment calculations (calculation of traffic flows) are handled by Traffic Analyst.

Detailed Transport Model for Copenhagen Area

Rapidis, working as a subcontractor for Center of Traffic And Transport (now DTU Transport) – Technical University of Denmark, participated in developing a large scale and highly detailed transport model for the Greater Copenhagen Area. The transport model was developed using ArcGIS and Traffic Analyst, and is a refinement of the existing OTM model, adding highly detailed timetable based public transport assignment. Timetable and line data were imported from the web-based travel planner service, and stored in ArcGIS. The transport model was used as the basis of a study of the socio-economic and environmental impacts of introducing Road Pricing in the Greater Copenhagen area.

Baltic Transport Outlook 2030

Rapidis has carried out a transportation infrastructure analysis using the Trans-Tools model, as part of the EU-funded Baltic Transport Outlook 2030 project.

US Urban Transit System

Brookings Institution – Analysis of US Urban Transit System.
The Brookings Institution of Washington DC, is using Traffic Analyst to carry out detailed analyses on the quality and efficiency of the transit systems of more than 100 of the largest cities in the US. Rapidis has developed a module that automates import of transit data in the Google Transit Feed Specification format to Traffic Analyst, in order to facilitate the project. The results of the project can be found here.

The impact of changing bus services

Analysing the impact of changing bus services

Rapidis has carried out an analysis for Movia, the Copenhagen area Bus transit operator. The analysis examined how significant changes in the bus services in an area affected the travelers using the entire public transit network. The analysis included comparisons between model results produced using Traffic Analyst, with real-life traffic counts, in order to assess the validity of the models used.

Passenger Counts – Analysis and visualization

Working as a subcontractor for Informi GIS Rapidis has helped Movia to implement a system which assists with the analysis and GIS-based visualization of a wide range of automatically collected transit-measurements such as passenger loads and service reliability. Rapidis developed the core database analysis component of the system. The system is an ArcGIS extension which behind the scenes executes queries based on request by users against an SQL Server & ArcSDE based data warehouse and presents the results in ArcMap in a style which is also user specified. (Link to danish paper(pdf) describing the system)

New OTM Trip Matrices

Rapidis was part of a consortium (with DTU Transport – Technical University of Denmark, TetraPlan A/S & Cowi) which carried out a project that aimed to establish updated and more accurate data for travel patterns in the Greater Copenhagen Area. These data are being used in assessment of the feasibility of building a new Metro ring-line in Copenhagen. The project was carried out using Traffic Analyst.


Working as consultant through Informi GIS Rapidis supplied a consultant, who has Implemented verification and recalculations modules in the VAU project (Vej og Adresse Udveksling – Road and Address Information Exchange).


Rapidis participates in the ACTUM research project, which focuses on the development of activity based demand models and disaggregated dynamic route choice models. The projects is headed by DTU Transport and Rapidis develops all software.

Analyzing congestion effects

Tools for analyzing congestion effects on the basis of GPS-data.

Working for the Danish Road Directorate, Rapidis has designed and implemented a set of tools, which makes it possible for the Road Directorate to analyze GPS-data gathered from fleets of vehicles. The result is a detailed description of various congestion effects in the road network, such as the daily variation of travel speeds, congestion bottlenecks, etc. The tools were implemented using ArcGIS and Oracle DBMS.

GIS-Datawarehouse for traffic data

Working for the Model Center group of the Danish Transport Research Institute, Rapidis has designed and implemented a GIS-based datawarehouse. Initially the data warehouse will be used to gather traffic counts dynamically from a number of public operators and transport authorities in the Greater Copenhagen Area. In time, other types of data relevant for transportation planners will be added and the geographic scope expanded. These data will be made available to transportation planners and other interested parties. The solution has been implemented using the ESRI ArcSDE multi-user GIS-database, as well as ArcGIS.

Potential travel demand

Rapidis has carried out an analysis for DSB Commercial, the marketing department of the Danish National Railways. The focus of the analysis was the identification of untapped potential travel demand in the main corridors of the rail network.

GIS interface for travel website

Working as consultant through Informi GIS Rapidis supplied a consultant, who has implemented an export module for linking spatial databases to the GIS-interface and timetable database for the Travel Planner Internet web-site (

Danish Tax & Customs Service

The Tax & Customs Service (Told & Skat) has chosen a FleetView-based solution for the automatic calculation of Commuting routes and distances for all tax payers, in order to automatically calculate deductions for taxpayers. The solution, which consists of various extensions to FleetView Route and integration with WebSphere MQ was developed by Informi GIS and Rapidis.

Greenland Transport Model

This project delivered a strategic assessment tool to the Greenland Home Rule Authority for evaluating transportation infrastructure investments. The project was carried out by DTU Transport – Technical University of Denmark as the main contractor, with Rapidis participating as sub-contractor. The transport model was built using ArcGIS and Traffic Analyst.

Traffic Model Calculations

Forecasting the effects of the temporary closing of urban rail-lines due to maintenance work

Rapidis has assisted DSB S-Tog in evaluating and selecting suitable bus services as a substitute for railway links closed for maintenance. A number of proposed substitute bus services were evaluated using detailed traffic model calculations. Based on the model forecasts the least inconvenient substitute bus services were selected and further detailed forecasts were produced in order to assess the required capacity, i.e. the number of busses and departures necessary at different times of the day.

Updating and Expanding the Automatic Passenger Counting System

DSB S-Tog has recently expanded rail-services throughout the night hours on some days of the weeks. As part of this service expansion, Rapidis has assisted DSB S-Tog (Planning and Traffic department) in updating and expanding the Automatic Passenger counting System (APS). APS is used to produce detailed data describing daily travel patterns as well as overall amounts of travelers. New functionality was added to ensure that night time traffic was handled correctly.

DSB S-Tog Department of Performance Monitoring

Updating Model for Simulation of Passenger Delays
In an earlier project Rapidis and DTU Transport designed and implemented a simulation model that has been used by DSB S-Tog to analyze how train delays and cancellations affect travelers. Rapidis has now helped DSB S-Tog to update the system, expanding functionality, moving to a new data model and adding a more accessible GIS-based user-interface.

Automatic Estimation of Passenger Travel Patterns

Rapidis partnered with Center for Traffic and Transport – Technical University of Denmark (now DTU Transport), to implement a system, which is used to produce detailed daily data describing S-Tog passengers travel patterns, based on data from counting and weighing systems installed in the trains. The system combines a detailed public transport route choice model with an advanced trip matrix estimation method.

Modeling Passenger Delays using a timetable-based assignment model

Rapidis, partnering with Center for Traffic and Transport – Technical University of Denmark (now DTU Transport), has developed a ground-breaking modeling system that is used to model the effects of train delays on the route choices of travelers using the Copenhagen Urban Rail (S-Tog). The system is also used to calculate the actual delays of passengers, that is, whether they actually arrived later than planned. The system is based on the Traffic Analyst Public Transport Assignment module.